What is saponification? Is there any lye left in our homemade soap? - T&B LUXE

What is saponification? Is there any lye left in our homemade soap?

Have you ever wondered how soap is made? One of the key processes in soap making is saponification. But what exactly is saponification and is there any lye left in the soap once it's fully saponified with a 5 percent superfat? Let's dive into the science behind soap making to find out.

What is Saponification?

Saponification is the chemical reaction that occurs when oils or fats are mixed with an alkali solution, such as sodium hydroxide (lye) for solid soap or potassium hydroxide for liquid soap. This reaction results in the formation of soap and glycerin. The process involves breaking down the triglycerides in the oils or fats into fatty acids and glycerol, which then react with the alkali to form soap.

Is There Any Lye Left in Fully Saponified Soap?

When soap is fully saponified, it means that all the oils or fats have reacted with the lye to form soap. A 5 percent superfat, also known as lye discount, means that there is an excess of oils in the soap recipe to ensure that all the lye is fully reacted. This excess oil remains in the soap as a moisturizing agent, leaving no lye in the final product.

So, to answer the question, no, there is no lye left in soap that has been fully saponified with a 5 percent superfat. The soap is safe to use on the skin and will not cause any irritation or harm.

In Conclusion

Understanding the process of saponification is essential for anyone interested in soap making. Knowing that there is no lye left in fully saponified soap with a 5 percent superfat provides peace of mind for those using handmade soaps. So, the next time you lather up with your favorite bar of soap, you can do so knowing that it's been carefully crafted through the science of saponification.

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